Mind Over Machine
Mind over machines the Power of Human Intuition, and Expertise in the Era of the Computer is a book written by Dreyfus. The book presents criticisms made by different advocates about Artificial intelligence. The authors of the book present a learning theory they have used to describe the limitations in the potential of Artificial Intelligence (Dreyfus, Dreyfus & Anthanasiou, 2000). The authors describe the different views they have about their position for the expert system development. They also provide an explanation on how to use computers in the book, and the application of management science techniques. The authors in the book first introduce the reader to philosophical debates about the issue presented in the early periods. They also introduce the reader to recent research about human perception, learning, and decision making. They provide the findings of the research to the reader so as to help him in understanding. The authors have indicated the difficulties encountered, and support argument that the systems provide. The main disadvantage of the artificial intelligence systems is that it produces decisions that are inferior to those of experienced human experts (Dreyfus, Dreyfus & Anthanasiou, 2000).
The amusing ourselves to death Public Discourse in the Age of Show Business is book written by Neil postman. In this book the author has talked about the effect of television. The author has explained the effects of television in the modern society. He criticizes television because of the negative effects the medium has brought. In the book he compares other means of communication with the television (Postman, 2006). According to Neil’s idea, television has more harmful effects than the traditional means of communication. The author has begun his work by comparing ideas provided by other writers like George Orwell, and Aldous Huxley (Postman, 2006). I think the book the amusing ourselves to death public discourse in the ages of show business by Neil postman is expressing the influence television has in the culture of a society, and the education as this is common in the modern society. The author has begun his work by explaining the different views other authors have about technology like television. Most of the authors do not appreciate the change brought by technology. The author shows how the authors predicted negative effects brought by technology (Postman, 2006).
The two books are similar in some way. They are similar in the theme, and they also show criticism presented by different authors about technology. The two books show criticism about change in technology, and its effects. The amusing our selves to death public discourse in the age of shows business criticizes the change in technology. That is the introduction of television in communication. The author in his book criticizes television as it has brought negative effects to the society. In the book the author describe how technology has eroded culture in the society. This is because television has brought new ideas that have changed the life styles of people, and culture (Postman, 2006). Television has replaced the original culture in the society, and brought a modern society. The modern society has different culture and lifestyle (Postman, 2006). Television has affected the morals, and norms of the society. It has made people to be lazy, and reluctant. People are only fed with information from television channels, but they can not reason for themselves. The author has used an example of school children to shows the effects of culture. School children in the modern society do not have time to do home work, but only to watch television. This shows the negative effects television has on education system .Television has also influenced media industry, and political system (Postman, 2006). This is because in media industry, companies treat audience as a market for their products.
The media develops products, and market them to the audience without analyzing the effects. It has also affected the political system in that, politicians do not make their own decision, but the media delivers the content it has customized. Thus, the decisions made a poor. Mind over machines the Power of Human Intuition and Expertise in the Era of the Computer presents criticism presented by different authors on Artificial intelligence technology. The book describes the views presented by different advocates over the system. The advocates view technology useless as it does not support reasoning, and moral values. The artificial intelligence system is developed to help in carrying out human activities, but the advocates do not support the idea. The authors have described the limitations of the artificial intelligence system. Artificial intelligence systems produce decisions that are inferior to decisions made by human beings (Postman, 2006). Thus, it is not ideal for improving decision making in work place. The advocates argue that human decisions are better in an organization than decisions made by a machine.
The two books are also similar in that they have begun their work by introducing the readers to old information about the argument. In the book amusing our selves to death public discourse in the age of shows business, the author has begun his work by introducing the reader to ideas from different authors about the issues. He has introduced the readers to George Orwell, and Aldous Huxley idea about technology. The authors do not agree with the change in technology as they foresee its effects (Postman, 2006). The effects are later revealed by the author of the book. The authors foresee change in culture, and life style as a result of introduction of television. The information provided by the authors provides the reader with a clear background about the theme of the book.
In the book Mind over machines the Power of Human Intuition and Expertise in the Era of the Computer, the author has also begun his work by introducing the reader to information about philosophical debate, and recent research about human perception, learning and decision making. This information prepares the reader to understand the theme of the book (Dreyfus, Dreyfus & Anthanasiou, 2000).The two books show the effect of postmodernism to cultural values, and morals. The limitations of technology have made the authors of the two books to criticize it. This is because they see the change in technology as a way of degrading moral, and values of a society. Another similarity is that the two books share similar themes. They both talk about technology and its effects to the society. The authors of the two books have used examples and illustrations to convey their message. This is to make it clear to the reader on how technology affects the society. The authors have also organized the content in the books well. The content is arranged in a way that allows the reader to understand the content (Postman, 2006).
Dreyfus, H., Dreyfus, S.,& Anthanasiou, T. (2000).Mind Over Machine: The Power of Human Intuition and Expertise in the Era of the Computer.Edition5.Free Press
Postman, N. (2006).Amusing ourselves to death: public discourse in the age of show business.Edition20.Penguin Books