Literacy and Listening
A. Explain (suggested length 2–3 paragraphs) one listening strategy that would be easily incorporated into any lesson plan and that reinforces the use of listening skills.
Inclusion of students in reading of text in class is one effective strategy that would also include the asking of questions to the students as they read the text. The learners would know that they need to be attentive to the teacher because they might need to answer a question.
Listening is linked to speaking, writing, vocabulary learning, reading comprehension, language development and correctly answering questions. It is imperative for teachers to focus on listening skills development for students because they form the basis for learning. Students spend a lot of time in class listening to teachers, so it is important that they pay attention to the teacher.
While one student reads aloud, other students should be reading silently to follow the text that is being read until their turn comes along. The teacher should a question to the learners in a random manner so that students stay alert because they know that they might be asked to answer a question (Cohen, 1994).
B. Create an activity that is meant to develop a specific listening skill (e.g., attention, focus, hearing main ideas).
Teachers can create an activity whereby learners can be instructed to write the main ideas of what the teacher says in class. They can then be encouraged to say out aloud what their main ideas were as the teacher lists them on the blackboard. The teacher can then go through the main ideas with the learners as they evaluate the ideas and explain why they think those are the main ideas. This can serve as a basis for the learners to model on the development of taking the main ideas from a listening context (Chamot & O’Mailey, 1994).
C. Discuss (suggested length 2–3 paragraphs) how to support the learning of listening skills.
Listening skills can be supported through the creation of a friendly learning atmosphere for example a teacher should ensure that there is no noise that would distract the students from listening to him or her while he or she is talking.
Some learners have short attention spans and to ensure that they stay focused on what is being taught, they can be asked questions and also allowed to ask questions on what the teacher talks about in class. Interactive learning is a great way to ensure that learners pay attention and that they understand the context that they are being taught (Pearson & Dole, 1987).
D. Discuss (suggested length of 1 pages) why listening is important to the development of language
Listening is interdependent to speaking because of pronunciation of words, writing and reading. Students should be taught early on the importance of listening because it is an important part of their life. Whether in the academic, social or professional life, one needs to work with other people in order to share ideas and to work effectively in teams. Through listening, one can get to know of new things that would be of help to them in their life. Language development is an important part of learning in elementary school, high school and even higher institutions of learning. Therefore the better than an individual develops learning skills, the higher their chances of improving their learning. Furthermore the government has invested in the development of many programs that are geared towards the development of language development so that the country can remain competitive relative to other countries in the world (Derry & Murphy, 1986).
Complaint of low literacy and poor comprehension and reading skills has led to many research surveys being conducted to try and come up with solutions to the major problem in schools all over the country. One of the potential problems has been cited as poor listening skills among students resulting in poor language development. Unfortunately, many employers require that their potential employees possess high quality language skills which might leave a very high proportion of young adults without jobs. This is very unfortunate because the government needs highly productive people in order for the economy to grow and improve and so that the country can be able to compete with other nations academically and economically. Students spend over 58% of their learning time listening to instructors hence the need for development of good listening skills for their language development for academic, social and professional purposes.
Chamot, A.U., & O’Mailey, J.M. (1994). The CALLA handbook: Implementing the Cognitive academic Language Learning approach.
Cohen, A. D. (1998). Strategies in Learning; From Theory to Practice.
Pearson, P.D., Dole, J.A. (1987). Explicit Comprehension Instruction: a Review of Research & a New Conceptualization of Learning. Elementary School Journal. 88 (2), 151-165.