Electronic Medical Record (EMR) - A Solution To Replace A Manual System
Electronic medical record can be defined as a technological system used to access the history of a patient’s care within a single practice in real time (Glaser, Lee & Wager, 2009). The content presented in Electronic medical records is the same as that in manual or paper records. This includes the medical history of the patient such as diagnosis, therapeutic interventions, and other related information. Therefore, EMR functions as a channel for transmitting patient data to be used in supporting administrative roles and clinical decisions. Successful implementation of EMR results to more advantages in comparison to manual systems. Some of the benefits include decreased costs for printing and storage, increased production, and decision-making process that is faster and more informed (Glaser, et al, 2009).
EMR has a life cycle comprising of four stages namely, creation, utilization, storage, and finally disposition. The record may either be created by the system automatically or created manually by an individual. Once creation stage is complete, the record is distributed and utilized by a business or governmental institution as a tool for transmitting information. Storage and maintenance is the third stage, which comes handy when a record is no longer required for regular use. There is a link between proper record storage and issues concerning privacy. The final step is disposition, which entails erasing or deleting the records in such a manner that patient information present in the system can not be retrieved in any possible way (Glaser, et al, 2009). The system life cycle may affect this solution in terms of costs. Implementation of EMR coupled with training staff on its operation may deem to be extremely costly. Privacy issues may also arise, because of the fact that information is shared among users in a network (Davidson, 2009).
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