Annotated Bibliography: ANOVA Analysis
Kozub, R., (2010). An ANOVA analysis of the relationships between business students’ learning styles and effectiveness of web based instruction. American Journal of business education. Vol.3. Iss. 3. 89-99
This article explains the relationship that exists between the learning styles used by business students and the effectiveness instructions in a learning environment that is web-based. Today, learning situations based on web use are increasing dramatically. The use of these learning environments have gained acceptance from primary school levels to graduate schools, televised course, online courses, and online degree programs. With the web today, learning situations that adjust according to student preferences and learning styles. These variations in the learning styles of students make this paper relevant for educational instructions designers who have to consider them during instructional design. To understand this concept, the study focuses on investigating the implications of learning style in a web based learning environment on the student’s performance. The author of this article demonstrates that despite the current high performance in learning institutions, the learning experience of students needs to be improved. The best way as suggested by Kozub (2010) is through the improvement of instructional design for most courses especially now that web based learning environments are on the rise. One problem with this form of instructional design is the extent of considering students learning during course design. Despite opposition on the adoption of Web based instructions, many course development programs that are web based are on the rise and have proven to be effective. For this study, 178 students completed LSI-IIa from four different divisions of Texas and Personal finance in Lubar School of business in the university of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. The results showed that performance improvement does not necessarily depend on designing programs that meet individual student’s preferences.
Lai, I., Lam, F., (2010). Perception of various performance criteria by stakeholders in the construction sector in Hong Kong. Journal of construction management and economics. Vol. 28. P. 377-391.
In this study, the performance criteria for stakeholders in Hong Kong’s construction sector are carefully evaluated. The aim of this research paper was to examine from different perspectives the key contract participants on the basis of supposed presentation criteria and their particular performance outcomes in a building project. For this study, data was collected from 324 participants who at one time have participated in Hong Kong’s construction projects. The collected data is analyzed using repeated ANOVA measures while a one-way variance analysis is also done using ANOVA. Lai works in the faculty of management and administration in Macau University of science and Technology while Lam works in the international graduate school of business in the University of South Australia. The two authors discover that the most important performance criterion is timely project completion while profit, environment protection and quality follow respectively. Based on the various participants that were used for the study, each had their own performance criterion perceptions. Nine performance criteria were identified and their performance measure. Performance criteria perceptions identified were among different construction project practitioners, different project types, and between different roles of partnering organizations. The major finding was that the performance criteria according to levels of importance were time, profit, environment, quality, safety, effectiveness, lack of contractual disputes or claims, job satisfaction and innovative ideas generation. The three most important of the nine were time, profit and quality. For most of the Hong Kong’s construction projects, time is always a top concern. It was also found out that project owners valued timely project construction completion with timely construction completion displaying the highest difference between performances with respect to outcomes. Although some of the performance criteria are more important than others, optimum company performance is dependent on how well managers manage the nine performance criteria to improve its operations.