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$11.      Jyu-lin C., Weiss, S., Heyman M and Lustig R (2009) Risk factors for obesity ands high  blood pressure in Chinese American Children. Journal of immigration and minority health 13., p 268-275

  This study explores the associated risk factors on high blood pressure and overweight among Chinese American children from San Francisco Bay Area. High BMI is a factor that contributed to increase of blood pressure among children. Other factors include high sedentary time of activity, low involvement in physical activities and unhealthy intake of diet. The study examined 67 Chinese American children aged between 8-10 years and their families. The study showed that 58% of the studied children were overweight the study showed that children under the study were more overweight than average. In the general population the Chinese American children are facing a higher risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and increased risk of obesity. Other studies indicate that of 6-11 years Chinese American children, 31% of them are overweight.  The study calls for the improvement of the level of maternal acculturation and the provision of healthy diet food.


 

  • Niederhauser V, Camacho J, Shirai L (2011) the prevalence of overweight and obesity children at a health Maintenance organizational Hawaii Vol 70, p 27-31

  The article shows the findings from a retrospective, cross-sectional study. These are children from a Health Maintenance organization on O’ahu. The study showed that  19% of children aged 2- 10 were overweight and faced the risk of becoming obese. In 2002- 2003 one third of children joining kindergarten public schools in Hawaii were overweight. The findings from this study calls for support on aggressive implementation of expert recommendation for monitoring, screening and suitable intervention guidelines for childhood obesity prevention. 


 3. Majumdar S, Ostrenga A and Payne C (2011) Pharmaeconomic impact of obesity in severe hemophilia children on clotting factor prophylaxis in a single institution

  The aim of this study is to carry out an assessment of hypothetical cost for weight reduction through treatment using prophylactic factor among hemophilia patients.  Based on the researcher’s estimation, treatment cost spent annually can be reduced among 20 children suffering from hemophilia by $2,000,000.  This calls for the need to undertake preventive measures in identifying children conferring from hemophilia and are facing the risk of obesity with the aim of reducing the burden cost of reducing the disease.  


 4. Hollar D, messiah S and Lopez G (2010) Effect of a two-year obesity prevention intervention on percentile changes in body mass index and academic performance in low-income elementary school children. Vol 4 p 646-53

 The study is an assessment of school based prevention intervention program against obesity. The program involves areas of physical activity, curricula, and dietary aspects on BMI. Study showed that children under the intervention program were able to decrease their BMI level and this had significant improvement on their class performance especially in math scores and reading scores. The study calls for the implementation of school-based interventions for they lead to improvement in academic and health performance especially to children from low income families.  


 5. Perez, G, Bayona I and Rubiales C (2011) Performance of nutritional education programs to prevent obesity in children through a pilot study in Soria. Vol 5 p 1161-7

  The study  assesses nutritional education programmes effectiveness aimed at helping children prevent the risk of developing obesity. The program on Mediterranean diet patterns was found effective in obesity prevention. Results showed that the coordination of different agencies in Spain acts as an important tool in the promotion of healthy habits in eating for children.


  6 Benson D (2011) Maternal Work and Child Overweight and Obesity: The Importance of Timing. Family and Economic Issues journal. Vol 32, pp 204-18

 The study aims at identifying whether or not there is a relationship between the timing of working mothers to resume work after delivery and how children are affecting in the risk of becoming overweight and obese. The study aimed at investigating whether lagged or contemporaneous work among mother based on children’s age and their possibility of becoming obese and overweight results support that on the contemporaneous effect in increasing the rate of becoming overweight among children aged 9-14. This study puts across important information to mothers to pay attention to the children’s obesity as they trade off between familiarity and work responsibility.  


 

  1. Parental Employment Shared Parent-Child Activities and Childhood Obesity. Vol 32, pp 233-44

  The researchers examine parental employment effect to children’s health based on BMI percentile measurement. They found out that the hours of employment among parents has an impact to a child’s health. This also includes the father’s working hours on BMI. They conclude that the parental working hours has an impact on the quantity and quality of time spends with the children. The specific aspects mentioned include repair work, building, and reading at a decreased level, influence children to acquire chronic conditions and to become obese.  The researchers call for parents to make effective decisions on how they would provide quality time to their children so as to improve their overall health.


 Based on a global report Mexico has been identified as a country with the highest incidence of obesity across the globe. However, there are few comprehensive and innovative experiences to help reduce the serious public health challenge. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of physical activities and nutrition strategies among schools in Mexico State. The researchers found out that through reducing energy content in breakfasts provided by the schools and increased vegetables and fruits intake, together with getting involved in physical excising and water intake as an effective strategy to maintain BMI among the school going children.


  9. Castetbon K; Andreyeva T (2012) Obesity and motor skills among 4 to 6-year-old children in the United States: nationally-representative surveys. BMC Pediatrics Vol 12, p 28

 The study determines the relationship between motor skills and obesity among children aged 4-6 years. The study found that the overall obesity prevalence was approximately 15%. The relationship between obesity and motor skills varied based on the different kind of skills such as, in hopping activity, girls had lower motor skills compared to boys. The conclusion is that motors skills are more related to childhood obesity mainly on skills that are related to body weight.

  The study aims at identifying whether obesity is a significant problem in Looking after children population. Among 271 children studied, there were 26 % LAC children found that were obese aged between 2 to 17 years. The percentage is equivalent to forty children. This calls for the need to develop regulatory statutory assessments on health and local authority care on health problems faced by children. The main concern is the teenage girls who face major challenge.  


 11. Rappaport E, Daskalakis, C and Andrel J (2011) Obesity and Other Predictors of Absenteeism in Philadelphia School Children.

  Data shows that children who are obese are more absent from school than the normal weight children. The study analyzes administrative data in large district and urban schools to examine the association of sociodemographical a characteristics and obesity with absenteeism. They found that obese students had 11% greater rate of being absent compared to normal weight children. Study showed that the obese and overweight issues were not strongly associated with school absence as compared to poverty and racial issues. 


  12. Hispanic Health Care International (2011) Factors associated with obesity in Latino children: a review of the literature, p 127-36

  The study present a literature review on factors associated with obesity and overweight among Latino children. The researchers suggest directions and nursing implications for further research

 13 Kuhle S and Kirk, S et al (2011) Comparison of ICD code-based diagnosis of obesity with measured obesity in children and the implications for health care cost estimates. Vol. 11, pp. 173

  This study investigates the specificity and sensitivity of ICD diagnosis on obesity on administrative health data. The results indicated that obesity diagnosis based on ICD code sensitivity to be 7.4%


 14. Kakinami L et al (2010) Association between different growth curve definitions of overweight and obesity and cardiometabolic risk in children. Vol 184 p 539-50

  The researchers compare the association and relationship between obesity and overweight by use of WHO and CDC curve and the availability of cardiometabolic risk factors.  It was found out that the results from the two curve presents identical operating characteristics. The WHO growth curved does not have any discriminatory advantage compared top CDC curve.

  15 Sukho L and Kater E  (2012) active intervention program using dietary education and exercise training for reducing obesity in Mexican American male children

  The study evaluates the effectives of an active intervention program that lasted for 10 weeks. The components of the program include excise training and dietary education. The results showed that this program is effective in reducing obesity prevalence among male Mexican American children   aged 8 -12. 


 Reference

Benson L and Mokhtari M (2011) Parental Employment Shared Parent-Child Activities and Childhood Obesity. Vol 32, pp 233-44

 

Castetbon K; Andreyeva T (2012) Obesity and motor skills among 4 to 6-year-old children in the United States: nationally-representative surveys. BMC Pediatrics Vol 12, p 28

 

Sukho L and Kater E  (2012) active intervention program using dietary education and exercise training for reducing obesity in Mexican American male children


 

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