Herbert S. Green and Debra O. Parker Ed (2011) Challenges Facing African American Families in the 21st Century. North Carolina Central University. Kendall Hunt publishing company.
The editors Herbert Green and Parker Debra present the effects of food insecurities in households have on the development of children raised in such households. They show that food insecurity has an impact in all domains of growth among children in terms of emotional, social, cognitive, and physical development. The education success of children in household facing food security is minimal due to the challenges of having to cope with poverty, food insecurity, and financial burden. These challenges affect the well being of children, and they find it difficult to grasps concepts taught in class. The chapter presents a comparison of studies that indicate that food insecurity faced in households impacts on the development of a child raised in these households. This is with the aim of showing the necessity and the need of public assistance, education on nutrition, and the general effects that lack of proper nutrition impacts on the various domains of development in children.
The study further investigates the relationship among children in homes where food nutrition is not of value versus those homes where nutrition is valued. On the subtopic on household food insecurities measurement, the editors indicate that measurement on food insecurity in household varies from one scale to another. The status of food security extends from high food security households to households with low food security and in a given time of the year, the eating pattern in homes changes due to lack of money and other sources of food.
Further, the authors go on to present the consequences associated with food insecurity to children in terms of developmental delays and risks. They say that nutritional, emotional, physical, social, and cognitive development of a child can be hindered as a result of lack of food in their homes. Children raised in persistent poverty face greater risks of developmental deficits. This is mainly due to the importance of proper food nutrition in the first there years of a child’s life characterized with rapid brain growth needed in potential development and learning. This early childhood stage means that it is important to provide nutritional food to children for it is the foundation for future school readiness.
On the prevalence of food insecurities, the authors presents the president’s goal of 2015 when, all children in the United States will be provided nutritional and adequate food needed in building strong minds and healthy bodies. This follows a study on Children’s Sentinel Nutrition Association analyzed by the Children’s health watch.The research aims at determining the extent of lack of nutrition and household food insecurity and its impact to child development. The meta-analysis study indicates that there is a relationship between child developmental domains with household food insecurities. The results of the study give the suggestion that there is the need for public assistance and nutrition education to tackle the negative impact on food insecurities to child development.
The study’s hypothesis is that food availability in homes has an impact on all domains of development in children. The second hypothesis is that a good number of families depend of public assistance for the provision of the families. The third hypothesis is that nutrition education, family structure, and the economic status of a family have an impact of nutritional intake. Based on the hypothesis, the researchers were able to compile data on health, psychosocial, and educational outcomes of household food insecurity. The results call for the need to improve on household nutrition and this should start at the community level. Lastly, the authors provide recommendations such as public assistance, further research on poverty schooling, environment issues, and parenting on the impact of child’s development and the need to develop a tracking system to measure the disparity in various parts of the United States.
Green, H and Parker, D Ed (2011) Challenges Facing African American Families in the 21st Century. North Carolina Central University. Kendall Hunt publishing company