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PICOT Question: Are Cultural Body Shape Ideals And Eating Disorders Different Among White, Asian, Black And Latina Women? Featured

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PICOT Question:Are Cultural Body Shape Ideals And Eating Disorders Different Among White, Asian, Black And Latina Women?


 

Level

APA reference for article followed by summary

Method to locate

Level I

$1·   Systematic reviews of  RCTs or non-randomized trials

$1·   Evidence based clinical practice guidelines

 

 

Level II

Single RCT or nonrandomized trial

DeDebra, F.L., Amy, J., & Rachel, R.F. (2012). Toward Reducing Risk for Eating Disorders and Obesity in Latina College Women. Journal of Counseling & Development, 90(3), p298-307. Doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6676.2012.00038.x

The researchers studied eating disorders, ideal body and obesity among Latina women.  They determine the relation between ideal body, eating problems and obesity by carrying out an experiment. The researchers noted that body dissatisfaction, eating problems and poor weight loss practices were common in Latina women. This lead to psychological, physiological and behavioral problems. The rate of eating disorders was high among college females compared to other women. As a result, the researchers used college females as research participants. They recruited the participants through advertisements on the university papers and announcement on the halls. Participants made an appointment if they wished to take part in the study. A total of 69 participants were used.   They grouped the participants into control and intervention group. They provided intervention to the participants.  T The control and intervention groups had 32 participants each.59% of the subjects completed pre test assessment and post test assessment. 51% did pre test, post test and follow up test for 3 months.  The intervention consisted of computer programs including my student body. Com and Food, Mood and attitude.  The programs had information to help all female students(DeDebra, Amy & Rachel, 2012).

 The databases searched to get the article included EBSCO host and ProQuest.  The search engine used to search ProQuest and EBSCO host were ProQuest. The terms used to search the article Included ideal body, eating disorders, cultural beliefs and attitude, Latina, white and black women and women.

Level III

Systematic review of correlational/

observational studies

   

Level IV

Single correlational/

observational study

Gordon, K.H., Castro, Y., Sitnikov, L., & Hol-Denoma, J.M. (2010). Cultural body shape ideals and eating disorders symptoms among white, Latina and black college women. Cultural diversity and ethnic minority psychology, 16(2):135-143.Doi: 10.1037/a0018671

 The article examines the relationship between ideal body and eating disorders among, white, black women and Latina. The investigators predicted that white women preferred slimmer bodies than the other groups (Gordon, Castro, Sitnikov, and Hol-Denoma, 2010). In addition, they believed that white women had a high rate of eating disorders compared to other women. Further, black and Latina women had high levels of articulation stress and were involved in disorderly eating behaviors so as to cope with stress. The investigators used 276 participants from different communities such as white, black and Latina. The participants aged 17 years and 49 years. The results showed that White and Latina women preferred a slimmer body than black women (Gordon, Castro, Sitnikov & Hol-Denoma, 2010).

  Several databases were searched in order to obtain the source. The databases included EBSCO host and ProQuest.  The search engine used to search ProQuest and EBSCO host were ProQuest. The used to search the source included ideal body, eating disorders, African Americans, Latina, black women and women.

Level V

Systematic review of descriptive/qualitative/physiologic studies

Lovejoy, M. (2001). Disturbances in the social body. Gender and society, 15(2).239-261. Doi:10.1177/089124301015002005

 The researcher examined eating disorders and ideal body among women especially black, white and Latina. Lovejoy (2001) claims that cultural attitude and beliefs lead to eating disorders among women. Different cultures have different a perception about ideal body.  For instance, African Americans have different views about ideal body from whites and Latina.  The researcher reviewed series of studies and noted that African American women are pleased with their body and weight. Latina and white are not satisfied with their body.  The researcher reviewed white and black studies to understand the differences between the groups of women.  The studies showed that black women do not have eating disorders like Latina and white as they are satisfied with their bodies.

Lovejoy (2001) reviewed 4 types of literature.  He examined psychometric studies on ethnic differences in eating disorders and body image. The studies consisted of surveys and researches conducted by clinical psychologists and counseling psychologists. The investigator reviewed white feminist researches on eating problems.  The studies examined different eating disorders like Bulimia and anorexia. Lastly, he reviewed black feminist literature on idea body and eating problems. He incorporated researches from different disciplines like sociology, public health and psychology (Lovejoy, 2001).

 The studies helped understand the eating differences among the three groups of women and causes of eating disorders. It also helped understand the relationship between culture, idea body and eating problems.

The article was located after searching various databases. The databases included EBSCOhost and ProQuest. The EBSCOhost and ProQuest search engines were used to search the article.  Terms related to eating disorders, ideal body and culture were used to search the article. The terms used included ideal body, eating disorders, cultural beliefs and attitude, Latina, white and black women and women.

Level VI

Single descriptive/ qualitative study

R

Hesse-Bober, S.N., Howling, S.A., Leavy, P., &Lovejoy, M. (2004). Racial identity and the development of body image issues among African American adolescent girls. The qualitative report,  9(1):49-79

 The researchers examined racial identity, body image and eating disorders among black adolescent girls. Cultural traditions, beliefs and attitudes affect body image and the prevalence of eating disorders.  The researcher used 78 African American girls as subjects. The girls aged 7 and 17 years. The investigators collected data using focus groups and interviews. They noted that African American girls were not dissatisfied with their body weight or shape like other ethnic groups. The blacks preferred big bodies instead of thin bodies. However, they were dissatisfied with other attributes like hair, skin etc.  The girls had low levels of eating disorders as they appreciated their bodies (Hesse-Bober, Howling, Leavy & Lovejoy, 2004).  The participants filled consent forms before participating in the research.

            The researchers utilized grounded theory to analyze data obtained from the participants. Grounded theory is used to develop theory based on obtained data.

The source was searched online using Google search engine. Search terms were typed in the Google search option to search the article. The search terms used included ideal body, eating disorders, racial identity, African Americans and qualitative study.

Level VII

Opinions of authorities, expert committees

   

Reference

Debra, F.L., Amy, J., & Rachel, R.F. (2012). Toward Reducing Risk for Eating Disorders and Obesity in Latina College Women. Journal of Counseling & Development, Vol. 90 Issue 3, p298-307.Doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6676.2012.00038.x

Gordon, K.H., Castro, Y., Sitnikov, L., & Hol-Denoma, J.M. (2010). Cultural body shape ideals and eating disorders symptoms among white, Latina and black college women. Cultural diversity and ethnic minority psychology, 16(2):135-143.Doi: 10.1037/a0018671

Lovejoy, M (2001). Disturbances in the social body. Gender and society, 15(2).doi:10.1177/089124301015002005

Hesse-Bober, S.N., Howling, S.A., Leavy, P., & Lovejoy, M. (2004). Racial identity and the development of body image issues among African American adolescent girls. The qualitative report, 9(1):49-79


 

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