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Wednesday, 27 November 2013 11:10

Two Wars Against Afghanistan And Iraq Featured

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Two Wars Against Afghanistan And Iraq


 Question 1

In any protracted conflict, the country’s military has a massive role to play. In line with this, expertise and professionalism of the military are essential aspects which determine the country’s ability to win the conflict. From a personal perspective, professional, volunteer military has is more effective compared to a drafted military. There are various reasons why a professional, volunteer military enhances the country’s ability to win in any conflict (Welch & Comer, 2008).


 Firstly, it is considerably difficult for the personnel in the military to concentrate fully on his duties if he has been coerced into it. During the two wars against Afghanistan and Iraq, there were numerous complaints from personnel in the military because of they were simply drafted into the mission. Such elements of dissatisfaction influence the capacity of the country to emerge victorious in the conflicts. When a drafted military is used in such conflicts, the standards of professionalism are minimal. However, the situation is different with regard to the volunteer, professional military.

The standards of cooperation within a volunteer military are considerably high (McKenna & Feingold, 2011). Such cooperation is essential towards the attainment of victory in the conflict. The second benefit of a professional, volunteer military pertains to the levels of dedication. The standards of dedication in this type of military are exceptional in contrast to the drafted military. In any kind of military or war, chances of victory might be hampered if the personnel do not have the relevant standards of dedication. All these attributes highlight why the professional, volunteer military would enhance the nation’s ability to withstand and emerge victorious in another conflict.


 Question 2

The fight in Afghanistan is not only based on American interests but also on other interests from the perspective of the international scene. Inevitably, the war in Afghanistan was primarily based on American interests. However, greater stakes were at hand especially as pertains to global security. This perspective can be demonstrated in various ways. In the wake of the 9/11 attacks, it was evident that terrorists posed a massive threat to the United States (Grayling, 2008). Consequently, the Bush Administration had to act accordingly in order to protect the country’s interests.


 Insecurity undermines economic growth, distorts peace, and also degrades development. In order to avert these kinds of ramifications, the Bush Administration had to take action. The invasion of Afghanistan constituted such actions. The Taliban had been in power in Afghanistan for many years. This formed excellent hideouts for Islamist Militants. In view of such security dynamics, the action by President Bush was justified (Bakalian, 2009). In addition to the national interests, the war also sought to tackle numerous international interests. For Instance, various members of the NATO participated in the war in Afghanistan. Countries such as Britain and France sent forces to Afghansitan for the war against Taliban. The continued activities of the Taliban in Afghansitan were significantly challenging to global security. For instance, the global economy can easily disintegrate as a result of terrorist activities (Kowalski, 2008). As a global power, it was pertinent for America to take a role in the matters on international security. The security of the Middle East region is immensely essential towards international economy. This is because of the extensive oil and gas resources present in this region.

It was thus essential for the United States to intervene (McKenna & Feingold, 2011). All these attributes highlight why Americans were pursuing national and international interests in Afghansitan. 


References

Bakalian, A. P. (2009). Backlash 9/11, Los Angeles, CA: UCLA Press

C-SPAN (2013). “Warrantless domestic surveillance”. Accessed on 9th April 2013 fromhttp://www.c-spanvideo.org/program/200107-3

Grayling, A. (2008). Towards the light, Bloomsbury Publishing

Grayling, A. (2011). Liberty in the age of terror, Bloomsbury Publishing

Kowalski, K. M. (2008). A pro/con look at homeland, Enslow Publishers

McKenna, G. & Feingold, S. (2011). Taking sides: Clashing views on political issues, New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education

Miller, R. A. (2008). United States national security: Intelligence and  democracy, NY: Routledge

Welch, S. & Comer, J. (2008). Understanding American government,Mason, OH: Cengage Learning


 

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