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Saturday, 03 March 2012 05:27

The Effects Of The Collapse Of The Ottoman Empire Featured

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The Effects Of The Collapse Of The Ottoman Empire


The Ottoman Empire collapse resulted to various important ramifications to the Middle East’s international politics. The Ottoman Empire had for a long time acted as the main force of unification among the various Islamic nations in the Middle East. The Ottoman Empire controlled Turkey and this acted as a symbolic aspect of the base of power and a form of   centralized leadership which governed the whole of the Islamic world and all the Arab nations.  This powerful form of leadership served as a major vessel for managing foreign relations with the superpowers such as France and Britain.


These superpowers by then had vested interest in the affairs of the Middle East. For example Britain in 1914 was interested in the protection of the Gulf and the Suez Canal[i]. This interest was mainly due to the vital role played by the gulf and the Suez Canal in acting as a link to the Abadan currently Iran with oil and India region[ii].

To the foreign powers, the Ottomans acted as a symbol of a legitimate Muslim power over the whole of the Islamic and Arab world while at the same time France was the major power of influence over Lebanon and Syria while Britain was controlling Egypt. The Collapse of Ottoman Empire and the following Caliphate abolishment in 1926 meant the sense of the only force responsible for unification of the Islamic world soon became a thing of the past. 


Most of the nations under the Islamic world soon became colonized by the French who fully took over Lebanon; Britain colonized Palestine, while some of the countries gained their own independence such as Turkey and Yemen. Many Arabs who during the WWI fought the Turks   due to the force of Arab nationalism fulfilled their hope of gaining independence. The colonization of the Middle East by the French and the British led to a rise of various anti-European in the whole of the Middle East such as the Balfour Declaration.

Reference

Mansfield, P (1973) The Ottoman Empire and its successors, the making of the 20th century
Publisher Macmillan, PP 149



[i] Mansfield, P (1973) The Ottoman Empire and its successors, the making of the 20th century
Publisher Macmillan, PP 149


 

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