Like any other sector such as health or security, the education system is faced by numerous management challenges both at administrative and organizational levels. It is the role of governments to ensure that the people access quality education equitably and without restrictions. However, this may sometimes pose challenges ranging from insufficient resources, inadequate labor, increase in population, catastrophes and the like- all these provide stiff opposition towards realization of the goals and objectives of any given education system. This paper seeks to discuss some of these challenges. Most education systems around the world can be based on several dimensions such as decentralization, privatization or delegation. The most widespread approach is privatization whereby governments entrust implementation of education programs to non-governmental organizations or agencies. (R. H. Hofman, 2004)
Incorporating all stakeholders
Whereas one might not realize it at a glance, stakeholders in an education system can be a key source of management challenge. This is especially the case when the government has to seek assistance from non-governmental organizations towards the implementation of certain policies or programs in the education sector. It is commonplace that the more the stakeholders in any given program, the more the likelihood of conflicts arising; as such, the education system is not an exception. When the government outsources for help from agencies, these will come on board with their own views and perspectives and as a result, the decision making process becomes curtailed. Incorporating all their views or concerns at the organization and administrative levels may prove to be an exercise in futility. (Nils C. Soguel, Pierre Jaccard, 2007)
Increase in population
There is always the possibility of challenges arising when the size of a given population burgeons. The education system is not immune to this; as a result of rise in population, there’s greater demand for education services. As such, if the management is not adequately prepared for the same, significant problems such as allocation of resources, equitable provision of services and the like is bound to be challenged. Rise in population calls for renewed approach in terms of more personnel, creation of more offices and the like. The quality of an education system is also highly compromised by a rise in population since more people will be competing for the same resources.
Manpower is an integral part of any given program; this implies that without sufficient workforce, an education system is bound to encounter numerous challenges both administratively and organization-wise. Personnel such as teachers, administrators and inspectors play an important role towards helping an education system realize its goals; therefore, if they are insufficient in numbers, the system will most definitely struggle a lot.
A shining example of this is the Hurricane Katrina that rocked New Orleans in the United States of America. The destructive effects of this disaster left the state reeling in tremendous challenges; education was one of them. This is due to the fact that facilities were rendered unusable and not to mention, the traumatic effect it had upon victims. This indicates that a catastrophe leaves a community grappling with challenges such as putting the education system back on track. Other disasters such as terrorist attacks can also hamper the management process of education systems at both organizational and administrative levels. (R. H. Hofman, 2004)
This is one of the most outstanding challenges faced by the management of education systems. This is more so the case with developing or third world countries which lack adequate resources to finance their education systems. The staff is poorly rewarded and this facilitates lack of morale or motivation while working. (Nils C. Soguel, Pierre Jaccard, 2007)
1. Nils C. Soguel, Pierre Jaccard (2007). Governance and performance of education systems. Springer Publishing Company.
2. R. H. Hofman (2004), Institutional context of educational Systems, Kluwer Academic publishers.