Evidence indicates that innovation services have been the core focus of most organizations that want to stand the current competition in the global environment. I would characterize and identify the roles of education, training, and incentives in promoting innovation in my organization, in respect to the level of achievements within the business setting. Every employee in my organization will be responsible for their failures and success, and they will able be accountable for their actions when running activities of the company. The incentives for promoting innovation are camaraderie, recognition, and shared values that help an organization function in accordance. The recognition of my organization associates is based on tangible offerings such as gratuity from the guests, brand champion, and awards for employees of the month and year. Evidence shows that leadership is thought of everyone and so strong; thus I will apply the simple steps to focus on the organization success. Anyone who wish to seen the organization achieve its goals should focus on these simple ideas that would ensure that activities are carried in accordance. Playing the role of follow the leader, I believe that proper strategies on the innovation aspects will be applied in my organization. I will ensure that the organization clearly practice the issue aspects of posture and confidence when carrying out the firms daily activities. Parties involved in the operation of the organization must understand the concept of motivation when implementing change required by the organization, (Shapiro, 2009).
Leaders in my organization are the founders of the firm’s success. They are responsible of developing innovation, creating innovation, and sustaining all activities that relate to innovation aspects. Leaders who have been in the firms trenches have made a substantial amount of effort in the organization success. They have always been focusing more on sustaining and managing innovation in my organization, in the best approach they can. Based on the structure of my organization, it is clear that no significant innovation is required for the organization success. The structure of the organization is designed in an easy and simple to help duplicate throughout the entire firm, making it easy for innovators that have a desire to develop the organization to the top to and also allow them experience all activities throughout the organization’s journey of development. I like the structure of my organization simply because every party involved in the management of my organization is not only the owner of their ideas but also they are leaders of their actions, which helps clear, collaboration within the company. The real explanation of this statement is that leaders in this organization are in the business, not by their selves, but for themselves. Leaders have their own responsibilities, but also, partners involved in the organizations have invested interest in watching each of them in their prosperity, development, and growth. Competition lies within the other according to the business owner’s law, thus in this organization, leader’s competition lies within them, (Shapiro, 2009).
Based on the ethical implications of an individual reward system, I would actually consider the extraordinary approach. This approach will allow parties involved experience, feel, and see their goals before they start working on them. As they engage in their everyday organization activities, they realize and recognize strategies that help them learn more about who they are and what they require in their personal journey so that they can manage to realize set goals and objectives. This implementation has allowed my employees evaluate themselves by taking a look at what they are doing thus determining whether they are true to what they are doing for the business. The reward system put in place here is genius for it helps in realizing set goals and objectives. One should not say that people don’t realize how they are supposed to reward themselves, or saying that people typically have a weakness of rewarding themselves properly, simply because everyone else in the organization wants to get a piece of the organization pie. Individual recognition practiced in the form of associate of the individual’s achievements, letters written by the guests, and month would develop some sort of competitions among those involved in the organization, (Shapiro, 2009).
I consider my organization as on that is innovative while at the same time ensure that I promote the non innovative aspects. The fact that I consider it innovate is because the system used for the compensation plan does not resemble any other. This system is one of the major attractions to the business world that would help in the development that is of greatest incentives. It should help in reaching the highest levels that are beyond what one would imagine for the organization success. Something else that makes me feel that the organization is that the business has a creative way that passively allows employees develop and grow themselves without making the issue mandatory, (Shapiro, 2009).
Shapiro, S. (2009). How To Create a Culture of Innovation. Retrieved from, http://www.steveshapiro.com/2009/07/06/how-to-create-a-culture-of-innovation/, on 28 April 2013
The Role of Physical Science in Physical Therapy
Physical science has currently been applied in the field of physical therapy where it helps professionals achieve goals for their daily activities. Physical therapy is defined as the treatment methodology that focuses on curing and treatment of stretching, exercise, and physical ailments. Physical science helps experts in the field of physical therapy in establishing strategies that assist in preventing the chances of any re-occurrences of any physical condition. This essay will explain the role of physical science in our lives. The essay will narrow down the role of physical science in human life to the physical therapy field.
In the field of physical therapy, physical science has been adapted and applied in what it is called as specialist analysis environment. Physical therapists have acquired relevant skills in physical science field that assist them provide quality health care to patients. Physical science helps professionals learn and understand on how to handle their patients, treat individuals, and diagnose all individuals who are in medical problems. Evidence shows that medical doctors encounter a lot of challenges when dealing with their patients, and it is through physical science they are able to understand and connect to some of the problems that affect their patients. There are different healthcare related problem that limit humans in performing their daily activities thus physical therapists must ensure that they are able to discover those conditions and come up with sound solutions for the same, (Scott & Petrosino, 2007).
So as, to solve these conditions, physical therapists must examine their patients. Physical science has been of help in the field of physical therapy simply because it allows professionals examine their patients and develop sound plan using treatment techniques. These plans promote the ability to prevent disability, restore function, reduce pain, and move in responding to patients needs. In addition, physical science helps physical therapists work with patients so as to prevent the loss of mobility. This is achieved by developing related fitness activities by engaging in wellness oriented programs for active lifestyles and healthier activities. It has become easier for professionals in physical therapy field provide quality services to individuals who are in different health conditions. The role of physical science in establishing vital strategies on how to handle patients have enabled most healthcare facilities achieve their goals and objectives in maintaining a healthy environment for the society, (Gould, 2012).
Physical therapy in the nursing industry has played a major role of ensuring that patients are in a position to restore their health in the best practices. It is through physical science physical therapists manage to provide care for people in different health care settings that includes nursing homes, outpatient clinics, private practices, working settings, and home health agencies. Physical science has also prepared professionals take care of patients in areas such as schools, hospitals, fitness facilities, and sports facilities among others. I believe that physical science has been vital in the field of physical therapy for it has managed professionals in this industry develop skills and knowledge that help them respond to patients and the society at large in a positive manner. All physical therapists must be certified physical therapists so as to engage in activities of helping patients thus physical science has ensured that professionals who enter in the field of nursing posses relevant skills and knowledge, (McKay, 2010).
Physical science has been of great help in the physical therapy setting for it ensures that programs that are offered to the therapists are standard. These programs ensure that they prepare experts to work with individuals who have physical limitations or pain. Experts in health care industry learn on how to promote human healthy movement so as to ensure that the society is in the safe side of quality services and programs. Physical science helps experts undertake courses in human development, physics, chemistry, and human anatomy among others. It is through these courses experts manage to concentrate on certain areas where they gain relevant skills for responding to their patients. It is essential to establish a workable environment that responds to community needs. Physical science has at length ensured that physical therapists use the right approach in responding to patient’s needs whenever they are need have health care services, (Gould, 2012).
In summing up, I believe physical science has improved the field of physical therapy by preparing therapists in the process of undertaking their activities. It is through physical science experts in the field of physical therapy in establishing strategies that assist them in preventing the chances of any re-occurrences of any physical condition. Physical science helps and allows professionals examine their patients and develop sound plan using treatment techniques. It is through physical science physical therapists manage to provide care for people in different health care settings.
Gould, J. (2012). The Editor's Role in the Science and Art of Physical Therapy. The Journal Of Orthopaedic And Sports Physical Therapy, 15(6), 323-325
McKay, D. R. (2010). Physical therapist: career information. Retrieved from, http://careerplanning.about.com/od/occupations/p/phys_therapist.htm, on 23 April 2013
Scott, W. R. & Petrosino, C. L. (2007). Physical Therapy Management: Elsevier Health Sciences
Green Home Building Industry
It is estimated that the residential sector usually account for 22% of total energy that is consumed by the nation and 74% of total water. This sector also contributes 21% of the United States emission of carbon dioxide (Snell, 2009). Because of the impact that the homes create to the environment, it has necessitated the need for a more sustainable residence. The green home building has helped in addressing these issues through promoting a construction and design of homes which have a higher performance level (Smith, 2009). Green homes are usually more comfortable, healthier, energy efficient and more durable. These homes also have smaller environment footprint than the conventional homes. The green measures are helpful as they help in reducing long term costs. Home building industry is starting to recognize the value of homes that are healthy and projects that are environmentally friendly.
The features of the green homes are what make homes more efficient and even become environmentally friendly (Snell, 2009). The key factors, which are driving the growth of this market, are the fact that these green homes are usually seen as being of higher qualities, and they save the money of the consumers on utility bills. It is estimated that, by 2015, one third of all the builders will be dedicated to doing green building. By the end of 2015, the green home building industry estimates that many people across the nation who are building homes every year will have shifted to green home building, and this will help in reducing environmental pollution. According to Marcacci (2012), it is states that it is likely for green home building to boom which could result to $114 billion market by the year 2016.
“Building today for tomorrow” accessed on 22nd April 2013 retrieved from http://www.greenhomebuilding.com/
“Snapshot of the green home building industry” accessed on 22nd April 2013 retrieved from http://www.greenthemls.org/
Marcacci, S (2012). Green home building booming, could be $114 billion market by 2016 retrieved from http://cleantechnica.com/2012/06/01/green-home-building-booming-could-be-114-billion-market-by-2016/
Smith, A (2009). Building today’s green home FW Media, Inc
Snell, C (2009). Building Green Sterling Publishing Company
Ten Years From Now
Every person has a dream that they always wish it comes true. In order for a person to be able to achieve the dreams, it is necessary to ensure that we face all the challenges which came with us. An example is that while in school, a person usually strives to study those things that they do not know so that they can benefit us in the future. Most of the things that a person studies in the school are helpful as they are applied in jobs and also in their private life.
For a person to be successful in the future, it is necessary to prepare early during childhood and teenage stage. I am sometimes scared when I start thinking about my future because I understand that, within ten, years, I will be almost twenty nine years old which is an indication that my youthful years are coming to an end. One decade is long enough to have accomplished some of the things that one has been dreaming about. Something that I am certain of is that God willing; I will have made a lot of my years and will work towards putting all of my effort to becoming a successful lady.
When thinking about my future, I always imagine that I will have children of my own and a handsome husband. This is something that I think of and imagine. When thinking of the future, it is extremely hard for someone to think of bad happenings, but always good things. These are things that will make someone successful in life. This is something that is good and also normal. It is necessary for a person when thinking about the future to consider putting worst things in the future so that a person is can know and have an idea of how to deal with the bad happenings.
When imagining about my life, there are certain good and bad things that I can see. However, a lot of determination is needed to emerge a conqueror despite the challenges. My vision is to become a wealthy business woman who will also be a worldwide best known writer in novels.
My life in the next ten years I visualize myself as married with two kids, a company manager and also an expert book writer. Ten years from now, I visualize myself as being a very successful person who will have worked with some very successful companies abroad and I will have everything that I have always been wishing to have such as luxurious cars, a house, and many more. I will also have toured many parts of the world. However, imagining where I will be in the next ten years is somehow hard. The bad thing is that I will never know if I am even close and all that I can do is to dream about what it will be after the ten years. In life, when thinking about the future, we always have thoughts that we will be alive even when we understand that it is a must that we will have to die at one point.
Nevertheless, I still continue and think of what I want to have accomplished by the end of ten years. My very first accomplishment is getting the chance to study abroad. When studying abroad, I will make sure that I do fashion design where I hope to study in London. London is the best place to study for a successful career in fashion and design mostly because I want to start my own clothing line. I understand that London has the best fashion university. I hope to enroll in University of East London which will provide me with everything that I need to be successful. This is my university of choice as it is all about challenging me to be my best, creative, original, and self critical.
Right now I am in college, but I believe that, after about two years, I will have acquired a job which I will ensure that I work hard so that to get a better job and also improve my life. It is somehow common that, during the first time a person gets a job, the job is not always good paying, but it is better than not having one. I want to be leaving on my own the moment I get my first job so that I can be able to learn more on myself without having to depend on my parents on anything.
I understand that life is sometimes hard mostly if a person is not used to staying alone and depending on parents for everything. This is a challenge that I understand I will have to deal with during my first year when I shift to my own house. While still working, I will enroll for my Masters so that I can advance my education, which will be extremely helpful in my career. After completing my education in Masters, I want to change to shift from where I will be working to another organization and acquire a better position since I will have completed my Masters level and I know that it will be an added benefit when I will be searching for another job. Shifting from my current job to a better position in another organization will increase my experience and this will also increase my pay because I will have a better experience and also skills and knowledge.
In the moment, I do my best to avoid thinking about marriage or starting a relationship because I first want to accomplish my dreams of being stable before I can start thinking about getting a spouse. At the moment, I try to avoid marriage because sometimes think that marriage usually make a person to get into the cage that it is hard to get out of. I first want to accomplish my dreams of completing my Masters education and getting a better job, my own car, and having toured several parts of the word before I can start my commitment in marriage. In my opinion, I believe that most of the people who dream of being rich and being famous have lost their dream because of getting in marriage even before they can fulfill their dreams. An example is that I have a cousin who had dreamt of being an athlete, and he always participated in sports while in college and most of the time he took the first position.
However, when he completed his studies, he got married, and his dream of pursuing his career as an athlete was never accomplished. He got married and now has three children. All he now thinks about is his family and how to get money to support the family. It is sometimes hard for a person to do certain things like visiting countries when they have children. In order for a parent to be an excellent parent, the parent must always make sure that they are there for their children and watch them grow. This is one important characteristic in parenting. Therefore, I will ensure that I have accomplished something before I think of settling down in marriage so that to commit myself to my family. I do not see myself not achieving my goals because of the fact that I have been married. I want to make sure that I achieve a bigger part of my goals so that I can freely get into marriage so that I can avoid having regrets as to why I got married before doing some things.
Among my many dreams, one of dreams is travelling to different countries across the globe. One of my hobbies is travelling as I have toured many parts of my country and wish to travel to other countries ten years from now. 10 years from now, I suppose that I will be a good tourist who will have gone from one country to another. One of my pleasures is meeting people and getting the chance to learn more about them and their cultures, their behaviors, and lives. This is because I want to be a lady who sees things in real life and not just watching everything on the television while listening to radios. Through travelling to different parts across the globe, it will make me think in better ways and think larger. Some of the parts that I believe I will have travelled to in the next ten years will include visiting Hong Kong, Barcelona, Dubai, Sri Lanka, and many other countries.
The countries tend to have some of the most wonderful sceneries, which I wish to see. Visiting Barcelona will be one thing that I hope to have accomplished in the next ten years which is a country with my football team which is Barcelona football club. I have to ensure that I visit the country when the team is playing so that to have the chance to see my best football players from these team. I also wish to have visited some concert in American here I will get the chance of meeting with celebrities search as Rihanna, Beyonce, Katy Perry, Taylor Swift, and many more. These are some of the people that I hope to have met ten years from now. Getting the chance of meeting these celebrities will be an immense achievement for me. I will love it a lot if my life will be perfect like this in the next ten years to come. Visiting different countries will help me when I am deciding to take my family on vacations giving them the chance to enjoy different sceneries and also spend time with the family away from the daily activities.
Since I have been in school, I have always loved helping people. I do not like to see people suffering when I have the ability of offering support. While, in school, I used to study with children who came from poor families who sometimes had to go for the entire day without having anything to eat. These children also did not have clothes and had a lonely life while in school because most of the other students did not want to associate with them. This is something that I never enjoyed seeing; thus, offered help whenever I could. Therefore, I plan to make sure that I organize a way in which the children from poor families and can be assisted with their education so that to make sure that the children do not go to school on empty stomachs.
I believe that helping people and making sure that a real positive difference is made in their lives is extremely essential and also rewarding. Having the ability of helping people and leaving something which will help people remember me when I pass away is a dream come true. In order to be able to achieve these things, I have to ensure that I stay focused and never give up in whatever I do. In order to be able to understand people, it is necessary to travel a lot, stay with people from different countries and background and learn how to help people.
My passion for becoming a writer started since I was a child as I loved reading stories. I always made sure I had a novel in my bag so that I could read some chapters when I had nothing to do. I have read several magazines, novels, and also was very good in writing compositions. My parents have always encouraged me in writing some articles believing that one day I will become a world known writer. I hope to have won several prizes from my writing, which I have already started writing a book on getting things right.
I have dedicated my time and effort on ensuring that I complete the book within the next two years and then start looking for money so that I can publish it. I hope to get the money to do finish writing my book and publishing it from the savings that I will have made from my job and also maybe get a loan from my parents This is one thing that I hope to have accomplished within the next one decade and sold a number of copies.
I believe that I will have received several awards from my book from which I see myself becoming famous internationally from its sells and as an esteemed person in the eyes of many people. Seven years from now, I hope to have been married to a funny, good, handsome, and well mannered man who will make me happy of who we will have two children together. I pray to make my marriage work no matter what so that to bring up good, loving, and successful children just like their parents.
As a parent, I will ensure that I unconditionally cherish and love my children, share with them the path of Christ, and let God guide them through. My parents have shown good parenting tips, where they have always cherished us irrespective of the stage that we are in. I will ensure that I will dedicate a lot of time to my family so that I can turn back every day and remember the thousands of memories and moments that we all shared together.
One of my greatest ambitions is to have a Job. I want a job that will add five more days to my week. My aspiration is not limited to a specific position or job grade in the company, but I want to go all through the career ladder which will be able to take me from field work to a managerial position. This will help me to share my professional expertise and experience with other people and be able to guide them in their jobs. Accomplishing this will make me a happy person and be proud of myself. I plan to start my own organization in the clothing, where I will be dealing with designing and making of clothes for both male and female. I have always had a passion in fashion and dreamt of starting my own clothing line. In order to be able to start my own company, I hope that, I will have worked with a clothing company where I will make sure that I get experience on how the company works.
I hope to have visited some of the best clothing and fashion business so that to have an idea of the way the business is run and some of the opportunities, strengths, threat, and weaknesses. This is a company that I plan to start together with my husband after having saved enough so that to start a big and a successful company. The skills that I have in fashion design are out of passion, and I plan to attend university and get a degree in fashion design so that I can get enough knowledge in this field.
I love designing clothes, and I want to share what I design with the rest of the world. Therefore, I hope that, by the end of 10 years, I will have put all the plans into the action and have a business plan about my clothing company. By starting my own company, I will be self employed, and as a company manager, I will be the one giving directions in my company together with my husband. As a company manager, I will be able to manage my time to business and also have time for my family.
The dwelling of my dream is living like a queen, and in my mansion I want to arrange everything n my house in accordance to my taste. I have been dreaming of a paradise house for my family and having been designing my own house in my mind, which I believe that, by the end of ten years, I will have achieved a lot of my dreams including owning a mansion. My mansion will be located in a 15 acre plot located in the middle of an immense shiny yellow field.
This is a home that I believe will look like a magnificent castle which is going to have many colorful splendid decorations which will be delineated by talented artists. The essential color of my house will be chalky white, and the pale foundation will have lots of multicolored adorable designs. This house that I hope to have bought in ten years from now will be surrounded with a small garden that will be full of tropical fruits, which will make my house glorious and unique.
There will also be a quietly placed pure blue fountain and will have some birds dancing in their little fantastic legs while enjoying the cool waters. This is a dream that I desire to accomplish in the next ten years. My house will have a huge patio which will have a big grill so that we can be having time with my family to eat outside and also have a fireplace where we can roast marshmallows. The interior portion of the house will be gorgeous as the exterior portion. My house will be decorated with expensive and comfy furniture and items.
The rooms must be spacious and very airy which brings comfort with it. My bedroom will be my most favorite part of the house which will have the scent of lavender in the air. The bed will be soft offering the needed comfort and feel relaxed when sleeping or relaxing on the bed. I am also planning of buying a house at the beach where we can be visiting with my family whenever we want to get away from the busy big streets full of noise. Having a house at the beach offers a person the quietness that they desire with a big balcony which will provide a good view of the ocean and the surrounding places.
My dream car is a Chrysler. I plan to own a car within the next ten years after having worked hard to make my life what I have always dreamt of. A Chrysler is the kind of car that I will want to have past my youthful desires for luxury and prestige. A Chrysler is the kind of car which brings all things together which will provide me with everything that I want from a car. The comfort and the design of this car is what I love most about and will make sure that I own the car by the end of the next ten years. This is a car that ensures an individual’s safety and secure while on the road as it has an electronic stability control. It also has leather trimmed seats which makes a lot of difference and something to be proud of which has increased my love for this car. Chrysler is my favorite car for its small size, and I pray that my dream came true that, by the end of ten years, I own all that I have wished to have.
In order to be able to accomplish all of these dreams and come in reality, I will have to work hard so that to make it happen. I understand that it is not easy, but commitment and hard work will help me achieve my dreams. I have always had ideas of things, which I plan to have achieved ten years from now, in my mind as I can be able to picture what my life will be in the next ten years from now. Having a husband, owning a company, being a professional writer, owning houses and cars are some of the things that I should have achieved. These are things that I will have achieved ten years from now God willing, which will make me the happiest person on earth.
Nestle Diabetisource To Compare With Other Competitors
$1· Using the Porter’s Generic Strategies, each competitor especially Nestle Diabetisource has developed a strategic measure to counter the competitors using cost leadership strategy. This generic strategy advocates for the low cost producer in the industry for a given standard of quality. The company sells its products either below the average industry prices to get market share or selling its products at average industry prices to earn profits higher than that of its competitors. In addition, there are also other ways the company acquired cost advantages are by advancing the process efficiencies, making optimal outsourcing and gaining unique access to a large source of lower cost materials, as well as, vertical integration decisions or avoiding some costs altogether. On the other hand, they have also used differential strategy in a bid to develop a service of a product with an aim to offer attributes that are valued by customers and that customers seem to be better than or different from the products of the competition (Quick MBA, 2010).
$1· Nestle Diabetisource has endeavored to advance its product quality and efficiency through re-branding the product and synthesizing new shapes of the product, as well as, adding some nutrition ingredients. As if not enough, Nestle has also introduced other products such as Nestle lotion with body protection ingredients such as Vitamin A, D&E, Aloe Vera, DL Panthenol, and Allantoin Sodium PCA, 10% Urea and Rich Emollients and Humectants.
$1· There are new entrants with similar products but with higher prices since they have additional values on their products, which makes their products a little expensive compared to others. Furthermore, their aim is to dominate the market with their new products and take over the existing markets. However, Nestle Diabetisource Company is enhancing its products to increase quality assurance of the customers.
Quick MBA (2010) Porter’s Generic Strategies retrieved on 11/4/13 from http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/generic.shtml
Path-Goal Theory Of Leadership In Public Health Situations
I think and believe that path-goal theory is a valid theory of leadership especially in public health situations. This theory helps the leader understand or get aspects of positively inspiring the performance, motivation, and contentment of employees in health care so as to care for patients. It helps leaders in clarifying relevant paths that employees should use in order to achieve goals of the organization. Evidence shows that path-goal theory helps leaders understand their working environment and as a result, give directions on how to remove obstacles present that may stop employees from realizing goals of the organization. In respect to the theory, leadership behavior tends to be achievement-oriented, participative, supportive, and directive in all angles. Path-goal theory basic aspect is to influence other people in achieving organization goals and objectives, (Evans, 2011).
Although the above leadership styles are vital when defining an effective leadership, what matters most is having vision and action when practicing your leadership. There are strengths and weakness of the path goal theory of leadership. One of strength is that the theory defines clearly and immensely practical roles for a leader and for an employee. Another thing is that it is the first motivational theories to emphasize the relevance of motivational factors from the junior point of view. This theory has some weaknesses that prevent it’s to be a perfect leadership theory in the nursing industry. Evidence shows that the theory is extremely challenging because of analyzing and evaluating various components of the theory in real healthcare setting. Other considers this theory to be a complex one because it tries to consider more parameters, which at the end requires analysis, (House, 2007).
Evans, M.G. (2011). The effect of supervisory behavior on the path-goal relationship.Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 5,277-298
House, R. J. (2007). Path-goal theory of leadership: Lessons, legacy, and a reformulated theory. Leadership Quarterly, 7 (3), 323-352.
Concept Comparison and Analysis
Numerous theories are evident in nursing. Each theoretical framework seeks to enhance the practice of nursing in order to boost the quality of treatment outcomes. However, the contemporary nursing theories exhibit diverse core concepts which form the basis of their frameworks. While some nursing theories are characterized by distinct core concepts, some concepts are common in more than one nursing theories.
The environment is an excellent example of a core concept that is evident in at least two contemporary nursing theories. These theories are the systems model by Betty Neuman and the adaptation model by Roy Callista. This paper narrows down on the environment as a core concept that is evident in the two theories. The concept definition for the environment will be assessed in both nursing theories. Additionally, the paper encompasses an analysis of the application framework of one of these theories in the practice of nursing.
The Environment as a Core Concept in Betty Neuman’s and Callista Roy’s Nursing Theories
The adaptation model is among the most recognizable nursing theories developed by Roy Callista. This model hinges on the assumption that human beings and the environment interact frequently. However, environmental systems are characterized by numerous changes. Such dynamics have inherent implications upon the health of human beings (George, 2011).
In order to cope with such environmental dynamics, an individual must develop an effective mechanism for adaptation. The systems that help a person to adapt are categorized into three groups. These groups are the social, psychological, and biological mechanisms. Each of these categories plays a massive towards the attainment of wellness and overall health in a person.
The systems model by Betty Neuman also serves as another influential theory in the practice of nursing. This theory hinges on a holistic approach in nursing care. One of the most notable assumptions in this model is that there are numerous components affecting an individual’s body system (Walker & Avant, 2011). Based on the stipulations of this model, the components are broadly categorized into the external and internal environmental components. The interactions of individuals and these systems determine their wellness.
Comparing and Contrasting the Environment Concept Definition
It is evident that the environment is a fundamental concept that forms the basis of Neuman’s and Roy’s models of nursing. In line with this framework, it is essential to compare the definition of the environmental concept in the two nursing theories. In Roy’s adaptation model, the environment is defined as a system that has external and internal dimensions. Both dimensions interact frequently with the person and this influences health and wellness. These perspectives are also evident in the concept definition provided for the environment metaparadigm in the systems model by Betty Neuman.
In the systems model, the environment is also presented as an elaborate system characterized by external and internal systems (Weaver & Mitcham, 2008). The latter system is evident within an individual while the former system is evident outside an individual. Despite this similarity, the concept definitions for the environment metaparadigm have distinctions in the two nursing theories.
In the systems model, a third dimension for this core concept has been identified. This pertains to the created environment. This dimension applies to the environmental systems which individuals establish unconsciously. This framework does not form the concept definition in the adaptation model. In the adaptation model, Callista Roy presents the environment as a component that has massive implications on the behavior of individuals. This framework does not constitute the environment concept definition enshrined in the system model.
In both nursing theories, the environment is defined as an essential aspect that influences the practice of nursing. According to both theorists, an individual’s interactions with the environmental systems affect his health and overall wellbeing (George, 2011). Consequently, nurses must consider different environmental perspectives while developing treatment approaches for patients. All these attributes help in highlighting the various similarities and differences concerning the definition of the core concept in both theories. Such perspectives are crucial towards streamlining the quality of nursing practice.
Application of Roy’s Adaptation Model in Nursing Practice
The adaptation model presents an excellent theoretical framework for enhancing the quality of care. In line with this stipulation, it is necessary to review the ways in which the model can be applied in nursing practice. Firstly, this nursing theory helps in establishing the various components affecting the body system. These components include the physical, biological, and psychological dynamics. Each of these components is inherently connected to the environment. From the perspective of the physical component, the main aspects include all tangible components of the environmental system. The biological aspects include the flora and fauna components of the environment.
On the other hand, the psychological components encompass the perceptions held by different individuals. Human beings interact frequently with all the three environmental components. This helps in explaining the causes of numerous health complications such as stress (Current Nursing, 2013). The second element of application with regard to this theory is the perspective of adaptation. This involves the various mechanisms developed by an individual in order to adapt to the various dynamics or changes evident within the environment metaparadigm. These kinds of adaptations illustrate the disparities evident in the health systems of different individuals.
One of the core goals of nursing is to enhance the ability of persons to acclimatize to different environmental aspects. This framework has been provided by Roy in her adaptation model. For instance, it is massively essential for a nurse to assess the different attributes which are evident in a patient’s immediate environment. The application of this model in nursing is also exemplified by the excellent framework it provides in line with the connectivity of different systems that affect the health of an individual. For instance, it is immensely beneficial to link all nursing processes to the overall goal. This is essential in terms of boosting the outcome of the entire nursing process. In accordance with the stipulations of this nursing theory, health is an unavoidable element of an individual’s life. This accentuates the significance of developing a comprehensive framework that helps individuals to adapt to different situations as relates to their health condition (George, 2011).
It is also essential to outline that the adaptation model is pertinent in terms of defining the role of nursing in patient care. For instance, a nurse should assist a patient to adapt to the different aspects of the environmental system. This forms the basis of an effective framework for recovery. Additionally, the model helps nurses in evaluating and determining the implications of different behavioral systems among individuals. This is a core competence required in the nursing profession. These aspects highlight the various ways through which the adaptation model can help in enhancing the practice of nursing.
This theory hinges on the rationale that individuals must use acquired and innate mechanisms in order to deal with the dynamic nature of the world especially from an environment perspective. These changes include unavoidable perspectives such the health of an individual (George, 2011). The levels of exposure to different aspects of the stimulus are influential in determining the capacity of an individual to adapt.
In addition to the concept statement, another crucial component of any nursing theory pertains to the metaparadigms. In essence, these are the building blocks of any nursing theory. They help in highlighting the various aspects that form the core or foundation of the entire theoretical framework. In line with this framework, the adaptation model by Callista Roy is not an exception. The first notable core concept of this nursing theory is the environment. As a core concept of this theory, the environment is presented as an elaborate system that encompasses different sub-components (Current Nursing, 2013). In the theory, the sub-components of the environment are the internal and external systems.
The external systems are evident outside the body system of an individual. In contrast, the internal system encompasses the different perspectives which are evident with an individual’s body system. In addition to the environment, another metaparadigm in this theory is health. In order for an individual to enhance his health, he must adapt to the different systems. In line with this framework, the direct implication of continuous adaptation is health. The third core concept in this theory is the person. The person serves as the focal point for the entire process of adaptation. For instance, the overall outcome of this nursing theory is meant to enhance a individual’s health (Turner, 2008). Nursing is the fourth core concept of importance in this theory. In essence, the nurse’s main role is to facilitate the entire process of adaptation. The last core concept of this theory pertains to adaptation. These aspects highlight that all the core concepts in the adaptation nursing theory are related and interlinked to each other.
Philosophies and Conceptual Model
The theory of adaptation is characterized by several philosophies. The first philosophy pertains to the use of creative abilities by individuals. This creativity is essential towards the attainment of overall goal of health. The philosophies of this nursing theory also encompass the relationship of God with human beings. This forms the basis of spiritual aspects of adaptation (Walker & Avant, 2011). The role of God is exemplified by the diversity evident among human beings. The conceptual model for this theory involves the tow components. These components are groups and the person.
The analysis focuses on the environment as a core concept in the adaptation theory and system model. In Roy’s adaptation model, the environment is defined as a system that has external and internal dimensions. Both dimensions interact frequently with the person and this influences health and wellness. These perspectives are also evident in the concept definition provided for the environment concept in the systems model. One of the core goals of nursing is to enhance the capacity of individuals to adapt to different environmental aspects. This framework has been provided by Roy in her adaptation model. For instance, it is massively essential for a nurse to assess the different attributes which are evident in a patient’s immediate environment.
Current Nursing (2013). Nursing theories, Accessed on 18th April 2013 from http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/Roy_adaptation_model.html
George, J.B. (2011). Nursing theories: The base for professional nursing practice (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Person/Prentice Hall.
Turner, P. (2008, September-October). Critical thinking in nursing education and practice as defined in the literature. Nursing Education Perspectives, 26(5), 272-277
Walker, L. O. & Avant, K. C. (2011). Strategies for theory construction in nursing (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.
Weaver, K. & Mitcham, C. (2008, July). Nursing concept analysis in North America:state of the art. Nursing Philosophy, 9(3),
Grieving Process And Kübler-Ross' Grieving Process
The only sure thing about life according to a quote by Benjamin Franklin is taxes and death. Though this may be debatable on if all people have to pay taxes, the sure thing is on death which is part of life. Many people have been fascinated by the mysteries of death ever since the history of mankind. This mystery has had a wide range of effects among the religions and cultures of people in the world. Various views have been presented concerning the events that take place when one dies, and people react to death in different ways, but the bottom line is that people feel a type of emptiness and loss. Grief counseling as over the years developed and the Grief Process model has been developed to help people to understand their personal emotions, and how they physically respond to loss.
Scholars have gone to a large extend to study the topic on grief. Kubler-Ross is one of these scholars who have studied much on grieving. He shows that there are five stages of grieving. These are denial, anger, bargaining, depression then acceptance. The story of Job in the Bible presents an epilogues and monologues and dialogues on the reasoning and nature of suffering. He is visited by friends who aim to provide comfort and serve both as foils and discussant in his solo quiet. In every stage in Job’s grieving, it can be analyzed through the stages suggested by Kubler-Ross. The first stage on denial is when Job has lost his wealth and everything under his possession. This shows that job is in contrasts to this model after the loss of his children and wealth (Job 4: 18-20). He is physically afflicted but does not express this look because e is in denial. He suffers from catastrophic losses, and boils have grown all over his body.
The second stage is anger. Job has always been an ever faithful servant of God (job 1:20 -22). However, he loses his tamper and becomes angered by oneself and towards others and later directs his anger on God. However, most of the anger is directed towards him and praising God’s name (Job 3: 1-26).The third stage is the bargaining level. Job in this process of mourning is not seen to go through this stage because he does not bargain with God. This is despite the plea from his wife to curse God and die. The fourth stage according to the grief model by Kubler-Ross is depression. This can be seen in how Job withdrew to himself. He could no longer talk to his wife and friends. He was all quite to himself and to show this depression, he sat on the ground for seven nights and days.
The fifth stage involves accepting the circumstance. Job in 42: 7-16 comes into a new awakening after speaking with God. He has the hope to live again. Job underwent a loss that all took place in one single day. His loss was in magnitude, and it is difficult for any person to undergo this kind of experience. The five stages according to Kubler –Ross would inform us that we expect Job to experience a shock and be in a form of denial. The Biblical narrative of Job is not the exact stages shown in the grief model because he does not show denial and does not experience shock despite his catastrophic losses. However, though we might not know if this is how he responded because the writer of this story could have left this out. Also, job does not get into the bargaining stage despite the urges he received from his wife to die by cursing God rather than living in suffering. Job replies to her that, “Behold, I am important, that is why I cannot rebuke God” Job 40:4-5.
The fourth stage of Kubler- Ross model is depression (Kubler-Ross, 1973), the act of withdrawing from one’s usual ways of life. Job went through this stage because he could not associate with his friend. He could no longer acknowledge and interact with them. The final stage of Grief model is acceptance where by a person has to face the reality and be in touch with the diagnosis, circumstances or situation. Job managed to move on with his life by accepting the suffering he experienced (Saint Joseph Bible).
Looking at the historical sources on general human knowledge and medical issues it helps us to learn much about the art of medicine in various past generations. The story of Job clearly informs us the exact things that sufferers need from those ready to provide comfort and aid. Therefore, Job reminds us that in dealing with people who suffer, it is necessary to inform them that the poor choices they make might affect the conditions and situations. The theory by Dr. Kubler-Ross is linear and sequential that involves neat transitions from one stage to the next. This is that a person under grief has to move from the first stage of a shock, to denial, to acceptance: all happening within a given timeframe. However, this is not always the real situation for a person who is grieving. Some can move from one stage to another randomly. I think that the story of Job shows a better model on the healthy grieving of a person. Also, it is necessary that in helping a person accept, the counselor has to incorporate joy by showing the good thing undertaken by the deceased need to celebrate his time on earth instead of being saddened by his death (Lyon, 2011).
My preferred method of handling grief is looking up to God to give me power to accept the situation. This research teaches me the different stages that a person experiences during the grief process. Though I might not follow these steps in a learner way, I know the end product has to be me accepting the situation. I have also learned that people have different ways of responding to grief, and the work of a grief counselor is to provide support all the way as a person gets in touch with.
Wenzel, M (2011) Working through Grief and Loss. Perspectives on Professional Bereavement. Oncology Nursing Society, 272-282.
- April 9, 2013
Lyon, D (2011) MD Before Kubler-Ross: Lessons about Grief from the Book of Job. Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/retrieved
On April 9, 2013
Saint Joseph Bible, catholic Book Publishing CO, New York.
California Science Center
I went to California Science Center last Friday with my friend. During out stay at the center, we got an opportunity to visit the Air and Space Exhibits section. At this section, I learnt a lot concerning the solar system and the space. The earth is part of the solar system, a system that comprises of nine planets. The sun is at the center of the system and other plans revolve around it. Some planets have bodies revolving around them known us moon. Humans have always tried to reach out to the space and these external bodies by developing spacecrafts. At the center, we also learnt about these technologies.
In 1957, the world witnessed the launch of the first satellite known as Sputnik. This marked the beginning of massive space exploration programs. After the launch of Sputnik, the United States launched Explorer 1. Since then, other numerous space craft have been launched into the space leading to numerous discoveries. The world has even gotten the opportunity to land a man on the moon. Though the planets have remained out of reach for humans, the world has witnessed the launch of satellites into the planets. In July 2004, the USA successfully landed a satellite known as Cassini-Huygens on Saturn. I learnt that, the invention of spacecrafts followed the invention of the aircrafts, and thus the operation of spacecrafts borrows heavily from the principles that make aircrafts operational.
Air craft make use of three basic principles of physics; thrusting, lifting and dragging. The first principle, thrust, entails moving the aircraft forwards at a high speed. Aircraft must first move on the ground at a great speed in order to take off. The second principle, drag, refers to forces that hold the aircraft back or that prevent the forward movement of the aircraft. In order for a plane to take off the thrust must be greater than the drag. The third principle, lift, refers to forces that lift the aircraft upwards. The lift principle is explained by various theories. Bernoulli’s principle is one of these theories. The Bernoulli principle suggests that the pressure of gases reduced when the gas is at high velocity. All aircrafts are designed to adhere to these principles. The wings of the aircraft are designed in such as a way that air flow at a greater speed on the upper surface of the wing than on the lower surface. This creates a low pressure zone at the upper side of the wings thus causing a lift to the aircraft. The aircraft is also fitted with a sharp nozzle to reduce resistance thus enabling the aircraft to acquire a high speed. Another principle that explains the lift is the Counda principle. Counda principle suggests that the wind tend to create a downward flow of air at a high speed, which results in an equal and opposite force that propels the aircraft downwards. The lift must be greater than the gravitational force so as the plan can take off.
I also learnt a lot about stars and telescopes. Stars are heavenly bodies that have the capacity to emit energy. The sun is among the billions of stars that make up the universe. Some stars have planets revolving around them just like the solar system. Since the stars are out of reach for human, human have invented the telescope. The telescope has been a vital instrument in the study of the stars. The telescope’s ability to gather starlight that has travelled for millions of years makes it a vital instrument for estimating the distance of a star.
The Huntington Library of Physic
I went to the Huntington Library of Physic last Friday with my friend. During my visit to Huntington Library of Physics exhibition, I learnt about various personalities that shaped the fields of physics and Astronomy. One of these personalities is Isaac Newton. Isaac Newton was an English scholar that lived in the 18th century. Newton established various principles that have had a significant impact on physical and Astronomy. The principle of gravity is one the significant developments that were initiated by Isaac Newton. Newton discovered that there was a force that pulled objects towards the center of the earth. Prior to the development of the universal gravitational principle, Newton had developed the law of motion. Newton then develops the centrifugal principle. This principle notes that a body the moves uniformly on a circular path generate a force the pulls bodies towards the center. Newton’s then combined the law of motion and centrifugal principle to establish to establish the universal gravitational principle.
Newton’s universal gravitation and laws of motion have dominated the field of autonomy and physics. Astronauts and other philosophers have used these principles to define movement of the earth and other bodies within the universe. Kepler was able to use these principles to establish his theory on planetary motion and to work out the distance between different planets and the sun. Newton’s universal gravitation and laws of motion have also been used to mechanical physicals. These laws have applied in the development of technologies such as aircrafts, space crafts, motor vehicles and many others. Newton is also credited for developing the first reflecting telescope which has revolutionized the field of Astronomy. Modern Astronauts have built on Newton’s telescope in develop efficient instrument that have assisted in the study of stars and distant objects.
Albert Einstein is another personality that I was able to learn about during the visit to Huntington Library of physics. Einstein was a Physicist from Germany who lived between 1879 and 1955. Albert Einstein perfected Newton’s universal gravitation theory by developing the general theory of relativity. Einstein’s general theory of relativity provides a precise and least complicated description of the concept of gravity. The theory views gravity as a property of time and space. While there are other theories that define the concept of gravity, Einstein general theory of relativity has been constantly proven through experiments.
Albert Einstein general theory of relativism is the foundation of modern physics. Unlike the classical physics, modern physics encompasses extreme conditions such as quantum effects. It seeks to explain physical phenomenon at the micro-scoping level. The development made by Albert Einstein has also had significant implications on Astronomy. It has introduced new ideas and thoughts concerning astronomical objects. The theory has become an area of focus for modern astronauts and geologists.
The visit to the Huntington Library of Physic has been instrumental in reinforcing my understanding of the disciplines of physics and astronomy. I was able to learn the foundation of the modern day physics and Astronomy. I have also observed how human knowledge has evolved from the medieval time to the present and how this evolution has affected the human society. The visit has also increased my passion for the Astronomy and physics. I have realized that there is more that needs to be learnt in these disciplines.
The Action Research Study on “Studying the Game: Action Research in Science Education”
An Analysis of the Setting
“Studying the Game: Action research in science education” article focuses on the status of science education in comparison to other professional fields like law and medicine. The author argues that the science teaching profession is not widely recognized by the general public as compared to other professions. As a matter of convenience, Tillotson continues to say that the major dissimilarity between medicine and the teaching profession is that medicine helps clinicians to diagnose illnesses, yet equally based teaching research also bears the same weight as medicine.
An analysis of the problem formulation
In the problem formulation, the author compares the services of a coach to the services. In the same way, the coach identifies the areas of the team’s performance that need the most improvement for the team to flourish. The science teacher also identifies the team’s performance through reviewing the previous team and individual performance. Hence in this article the problem formulation is set for researchers, to identify what they already know about the problem, their comprehending of the key variables impacting the situation and what they still need to acknowledge about it.
A description of data collection
The data collection contains the identification of the problem or issues by the teacher such as the inability to defend against inappropriate participation in the science class, persistent misgivings by some learners and many more. In this step of the procedure, action researchers must also assemble sets of data from collection effort; the length and the scope of the data collection needed to finish the study triumphantly. Furthermore, the researcher might gather data using three sets of data for each question asked to triangulate the findings. These tools of collecting data include; Tools for questioning subjects; surveys, written interviews, focus groups and quizzes, as well as, tests. Existing sources; archival evidence, portfolios (student work) and the other data collection set can be tools for capturing everyday life events such as shadowing of research subjects, journals, logs photographs, and videotapes/DVD’s of lessons.
A data description of the analysis
The records/statistics will be investigated by the examiner through compiling it while looking for trends, patterns, correlations and significance. Then he will draw a conclusion and make suggestions basing on a careful analysis. In this step, the procedure presents the most rewards, as substantial information on how to perk up practice or resolve an issue is disclosed. Therefore, the researcher at this point has identified the solution to the issues or challenges discovered initially.
A description of reporting results
In reporting the results, the researcher ensures that he informs others about the results. This is aimed at enlightening the others; hence them also standing to benefit from this study. Reporting results will enable the research and the other beneficiaries to discover from a cautious study of the problem. This activity also empowers the teachers as both learners and inquirers and leads to a diminution in the research –practice gap, in the learning institutions. Sometime the actions researchers may decide to publish their findings in educational articles and journals as resources of contributing to the broad-spectrum body of acquaintance.
A description of action planning
The action plan emerges from the studied issues or problems used in generating a new game plan. It is imperative for the researcher to comprehend that the new game plan will be modified later as brand new information is disclosed after each classroom/game discussion. It is also significant for the research to understand each process since each stage of the process directly informs the others leading to new studies being conceived from existing ones.
Tillotson, J. W. (2000). Studying the sport: Action study in science education. The Clearing House, 74(1), 31-34. Retrieved from the EBSCohost database.