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Oxford Referencing Guide

The name Oxford Referencing is coined from the University of Oxford. It provides guidelines to writers and editors on the style of publications. It also guides scholars and researchers on writing research papers. It focuses on referencing secondary material in research, requiring writers to reference all secondary information in their paper, which gives full credit to the authors. It also applies to paraphrased and summarized information used in research papers. The Oxford style stipulates that data charts and diagrams extracted from other sources should be accompanied by the relevant references. Oxford referencing style uses -note style of referencing which encompasses three primary elements: a citation from the document, a list of footnotes, and a bibliography.

In-text Citation

When citing external material in the paper, numbered superscripts are used at the end of the statements. All corresponding footnotes are written at the bottom of the page to show the references to the reader. For direct quotes, quotation marks are used both at the beginning and end of the statement, followed by superscripts. If a quote has more than 30 words, it is written as a new paragraph. Moreover, when citing a source for the first time, a full bibliography is provided. Footnotes are written numerically and chronologically according to the surnames of the authors. In addition to the cited author’s name, other information provided includes the publication title, the editor, the publisher, and the location and year published. Footnotes are separated using commas with a full stop at the end.

The Ground Rules

The Oxford style of referencing uses end-notes to cite sources in a document. End-notes are similar to the footnotes, but they appear at the end of the paper. This style also issues guidelines for writing in three aspects: spelling, punctuation, and typographical formats. Oxford style recommends the use of British English as opposed to American English. For punctuation, there are guidelines for using italics, commas, quotation marks, the apostrophe, and ellipses in writing text. In terms of typographical formats, this style requires the use of italics for foreign words. Additionally, abbreviations and acronyms may be used in the document. Dates in a document should be presented in the format of day/month/year. This style of referencing is re-known for its simplicity and has been adopted over the years globally, particularly in tertiary institutions.

 

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